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08/11/2011 Mapa social y político de los sectores populares: a pesar de todo, el optimismo se desborda El politólogo Luis Salamanca analiza los resultados del tercer estudio de valoraciones sociales de la democracia realizado por el Centro Gumilla. Esta vez se exploraron las necesidades y satisfacciones de los sectores populares Etiquetas:estudioinvestigacioncentro gumillaluis salamancavenezuelaeconomiapolitica
Recursos
 El presente texto está publicado en el dossier de la Revista SIC 738, de octubre de 2011.

Mapa social y político de los sectores populares

A pesar de todo, el

optimismo se desborda

Luis Salamanca



En septiembre de 2009 el Centro Gumilla inició el proyecto de investigación denominado Valoraciones de la democracia. En esa oportunidad se presentó un mapa ideológico del país. En abril de 2011 se realizó otro estudio, Valoraciones sociales en Venezuelael cual arrojó un mapa social de los sectores populares. Este dossier es el informe apretado de dicho estudio.
Dato de entrada: 60 por ciento de los sectores más pobres piensa que estará mejor dentro de dos o tres años

Este informe es el producto de una encuesta centrada en los sectores socioeconómicos D, E y C- y es una radiografía social, ideológica, comunitaria y política de los sectores populares. La primera parte es una radiografía social sobre las necesidades y la satisfacción.

La problemática social está formada por necesidades que reclaman satisfacción. Necesidad es una situación caracterizada por algo que nos falta y valoramos como imprescindible para la existencia. Por problemas sociales entendemos una situación dificultosa que reclama solución. El desempleo y la inseguridad no son necesidades sino problemas que generan la necesidad del empleo y la seguridad. Satisfacción es una situación en la que el individuo recibe suficiente respuesta para saciar o solucionar una necesidad determinada.

Si algo caracteriza a la autodenominada
revolución bolivariana, es que ha generado una impresionante revolución de expectativas. La gente espera mucho del Estado y éste se ha obligado constitucional y políticamente –como nunca– a satisfacer esas expectativas.

Por tanto, la capacidad de gestión estatal para dar respuesta a tantas esperanzas es clave. La frustración de esas expectativas puede generar irritación, explosividad social y realineamiento político. Ya ocurrió una vez en 1989, cuando la gente –con el final de la
Venezuela Saudita– mostró su descontento por vía del estallido social y la migración electoral hacia otras fórmulas.

Lea el texto completo en el siguiente PDF

Valoraciones sociales de la democracia en Venezuela - Luis Salamanca
Vea la presentación del estudio en las siguientes láminas

 

Valoraciones Sociales en Venezuela 2011 - Centro Gumilla
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